Computer

Learn Computer Hardware in Hindi Puri Jankari

Learn Computer Hardware in Hindi –

Hello Friend ‘s Mai computer Hardware ke Basic jankari ke baare mai bataungi. Ek Micro Computer me kafi sare Electric and Electronic Mechanical parts ko lekar banaya jata hai ye sabhi Machines parts Software ki help se chalta hai jinhe Hardware kahte hai. Aap ko Hardware kharidna hai tho Uski jankari achi honi chahiye .agar jankari achi nahi hai tho Computer kahrid nahi payege. Mai bata du kabhi- kabhi Computer Hardware parts achi tarah se plug in na hone ke wajah se Hamara Computer Start nahi hota hai isliye hardware parts ke bare me acchi Knowledge honi chahiye jisse problem solve ho sake.

Computer Kya Hai ?

Computer ek Electronic Device hota hai jiski help se ham deta pe work karte hai aur Computer Output Device ki help se wo Processed data hamai deta hai .tho chaliye jante hai Hard Ware ke part . Hardware Parts kise kahte hai.

Hardware wo hai jisse touch karte hai usse Hardware kahte hai AS Mouse , keyboard Etc.

1 –  Monitor-

Ye Computer hardware ka Important Part hai. Monitor ko Visual display unit kaha jata hai iska Main Purpose Output dikhana hota hai ye Image , Videos ko display karne ka work karta hai . jo Moniter pe Image dikhai deti hai wo Pixcel mai hota hai jaise Monitor hamai Different – Different ke Screen milte hai .Ab jante Monitor ke Types-

2 – CRT full Form (Cathode Ray Tube)

Jaise es parkar ke Moniter purane jamane mai use hote the. Aur iski size bahut bada hota tha ismai Cathod Ray Tube ka use kiya hota tha aur es parkar ke Moniter mai Power Supply Jayada lagta tha.

2 – LCD Full Form (Liquid Crystal Display)

Ab LCD Type ke Moniter use kiye jate hai jaise ab LCD type Screen har jagah dekhne ko milte hai. AS Laptop , Computer Etc. ye CRT Monitor ke Campare mai bahut kamPower lagta hai.

3- LED full Form ( Light Emitting Diode)

Ye Light Emitting Diode LED mai ek new Technology hai aur ye bhi LCD ke jaise hi hota hai.

3 – HDD Full Form ( Hard Disk)

Hard Disk ek Memory hota hai jo Mobile mai data Save karne ke liye Memory card hota hai .Waise Computer mai Data save karne ke liye Hard Disk ka Use hota hai. Hard Disk Secondary Stories Device hai jismai data save karte hai .aur wo data permanently save ho jata hai mai bata du Hard disk ki price uske Space pe depend karta hai jaise purane jamane mai log 150 GB Hard Disk Use karte the but aaj ke jamane mai 500 se lekar 2 TB tak Hard Disk market mai milta hai.Hard disk 2 parkar ke hote hai.

  • Internal (HDD) jo Mother board mai hota hai .
  • External (HDD) JO USB Port ke Through Computer mai Connect kar sakte hai.
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4-  CPU Full Form ( Central Processing Unit)

CPU ke Sabse Important part ko Brain bhi Kahte hai aur CPU ko hi Microprocessor ya Processor kaha jata hai .Jaise Microprocessor mai ek part hota hai jo Motherboard  pe hota hai Cpu ka jo work hota hai Computer data save hota hai jo data ko process karna hota hai . Jaise hamare Computer ki speed processor pe Depend karta hai isiliye jab ham New laptop , Computer kharidne jate hai tho hame sabse new processor choice karna hota hai . Intel Microprocessor banane wali sabse popular Company hai.

Microprocessor ke Version –

  1. Dual Core
  2. Core 2 due
  3. Core 2 quad
  4. i3 Processor
  5. i5 Processor
  6. i7 processor (latest).

5 – Ram Full Form (Random Access Memory)

Mai bata du Computer Hard ware ka ye ek Import Part hai jaise Ram pe Data Process kar rahe hote hai wo data hota hai. Jo sabhi Running Application Ram pe Run hota hai jaise jayada Computer mai Ram hoga tho wo Utna hi jayada Computer mai work karega. Jaise market mai ye 1 GB , 2 Gb , 3Gb is tarah ke Range mai Ram milta hai.

6 – Main Board ya Mother Board-

Aapko bata du Motherboard ko hi Main Board kahte hai jaise ham apne covered mai koi saman rakhte hai usi tarah Mother board pe bhi Computer ke parts Connect karte hai. Jaise ki Processor , Ram etc. Aapko Motherboard lena hai tho aap (Gigabyte , Foxes , Intel ,Asus in maim se koi bhi brand le sakte hai Mother ka port 2 type ka hota hai ek IDE dusra S-ATA But abhi jayatar S- ATA ports ke motherboard jayada dikhte hai.

Kuch Popular Manufactures-

Intel

ASUS

Bioster

Gigabyte

7 – Cd/ DVD Drive-

Computer mai CD ya DVD dalna jaruri hota hai jiske Through ham CD/ DVd mai koi Software daal sakte hai ya Usse Copy bhi kar sakte hai. Jaise ek Computer se Dusre computer mai len den karne ke liye CD, DVd ka use kiya jata hai.

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8- Peripheral Device-

Jaise aap jis Device Computer ko Connect ya Remove karte hai usse Peripheral Device kahte hai jaise ismai Mouse , Keyboard ko Peripheral Device kahte hai.

  • Mouse– Mouse ek Input Device hai jiski help se ham computer ko Input de sakte hai.
  • Keyboard– Mouse bhi input Device hai jiski help se Ham computer mai data provide karte hai ye hame market mai 3 type ke mouse and keyboard dekhne ko milte hai .
  • PS2 Keyboard Mouse
  • USB keyboard Mouse
  • Wireless keyboard Mouse

9- Modem-

Aapko bata du Computer pe Internet use karne ke liye Hardware device ka bahut hi jarurat hai kyuki Internet use karenge Computer pe tho Modem use karna hoga nahi tho aap PC pe Net use nahi kar payege jaise abhi WI-FI Modem use hota hai iska bhi bahut profit hai agar aapke ghar mai 1 se jayada Computer hai tho aap ek Wi-Fi Modem ke help se sabhi Computer mai Internet Chala sakte hai.

10- Web cam-

Web cam ek Camera ke kaam aata hai agar aapke pas laptop hai tho usmai aapko pahle se hi ek Web cam mil jayega but iska kaam kisi ke sath video chat karna chate hai tho aap is webcam ki help se kar sakte hai.

11- UPS Full Name (Uninterpreted Power Supply)

Ye Battery ka kaam karta hai agar aapke ghar mai ya office mai light chala jata hai tho aap Computer kuch der ke liye UPS ke help se on rahega jaise UPS 2 type ke hote hai Online UPS aur ek offline UPS Online UPS aapko light chala jata hai tho aapko PC auto Restart nahi lega jo ye offline UPS mai restart le lega aap jitna bhi acha lege 20-25 mai se jayada backup nahi deta hai.

12- Casing-

Desktop Computer ke liye Computer mainboard HDD, ODD sab kuch setup hota hai but laptop , Computer mai inka koi jarurat nahi hota hai ye Casiniye koi Brand nahi hai . aap koi bhi pasand ka Casing le sakte hai aur iska price bhi kam hota hai 500-800 ke under acha Casing mil jayega .

13-Odd Full form (Optical Disk Drive)

Optical disk Drive ko easy word mai CD/DVD Writer bolte hai. ye CD/DVD Writer ke liye acha company hai. But abhi iski jarurat Os ke Windows instal karne ke liye use hota hai. but ek baat bata du abhi usmai Cd Writer hota nahi hai sabhi DVD Writer hai. agar aapke pass DVD Writer hai tho aap usmai CD bhi play kar sakte hai but agar CD Writer hai tho aap usmai DVD play nahi kar sakte hai.

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14 – Graphics Card or AGP-Accelerated Graphics Port Card-

Jaise aapko high quality Game khelna hai tho Graphics Design ke kaam karna hai tho aapke Computer pe ek Graphics Card hona very Important hai .But aap high quality game nahi khel sakege. Agar aapko Graphics Card lena hai aap Asus , Gigabyte , Sapphire in mai se koi bhi Brand le sakte hai agar V-Ram jayda hoga tho aapko Graphics bhi acha milega jaise Simple Ram ki tarah V-Ram ko type acha hoga tho Result acha milega.

15 – Processor-

Ye Computer Hardware ka sabse Important chij hai Processor, Processor Basically isko hi CPU Bolte hai agar aapka processor sabse acha hoga tho aapka computer jayada fast work karega. Jaise abhi market mai 2 popular processor milta hai ek (Intel) dusra (AMD) but in dono mai se sabse acha hai Intel aapko processor kharidne se pahle uske Series kya hai wo janna hoga. kyuki ye series ke upar depend karta hai kon sa processor kitna fast  work karega. Intel ke pahle jo processor hota tha wp Pentium series aur iske baad lagatar aaya ( Celeron series ,Core Series ,i series ,Pentium Series) ke P1 se P2 se P3acha aur P3 se P4 acha hai .matlab ye hai ki same clock speed P1 se P2 ka speed jayada hai . aur pentinum series se acha hai Core series kyu ki iska speed jayada hai ab bata du Core series ke under aata hai (Core 2 Quad> Core 2 duo> Dual Core. Aur Core i Series Processor ke under aata hai Core i7 extreme> Core i7> Core i5> Core i3) aur bhi jayade hote hai jaise core series ke jaise aap I3, I5, I7 koi bhi kahrid sakte hai Computer ke liye.

16- Speaker-

Aapke Desktop  computer mai Speaker ki jarurat padega .wo isliye ki Speakar ke  bina aapke Computer pe kuch play nahi hoga aur koi Sound nahi hoga isliye ek speakar ki jarurat padegi .

Ye Post Computer hardware Ki Puri Jankari kaisi lagi …….

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Swati

Myhelpblog website pe internet aur blogging ki puri janakri payenge.yahan apko wordpress tutorial ,Seo,make money Adsense Guide,online business,successs story sabhi ki knowledge hindi me milegi.

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